The Logic seminar generally meets on Fridays, 2–3:30p.m., at Caltech or UCLA. Contact Alexander Kechris or Itay Neeman if you wish to give a talk.

**NOTE: DURING THE SPRING 2020 TERM, THE SEMINAR MEETS ONLINE AT https://ucla.zoom.us/j/672060601. PLEASE MUTE YOUR MICROPHONE EXCEPT WHEN SPEAKING.**

Schedule of talks, going back to Fall
2018, in ** reverse chronological order**:

Friday Apr 17 2020 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Anton Bernshteyn (CMU) | |||

Friday Apr 03 2020 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Andrew Marks (UCLA) | Increasing unions of countable Borel equivalence relations, and a question of Slaman and Steel | ||

Abstract. NOTE THE SEMINAR MEETS ONLINE AT https://ucla.zoom.us/j/672060601. PLEASE MUTE YOUR MICROPHONE EXCEPT WHEN SPEAKING.
An important way to study the complexity of Borel equivalence relations is in terms of whether they can be written as increasing unions of simpler equivalence relations. For example, the equivalence relations that can be written as increasing unions of Borel equivalence relations with finite classes are called the hyperfinite Borel equivalence relations. They are an important and well-studied class. We consider an old question of Slaman and Steel: whether Turing equivalence is an increasing union of Borel equivalence relations none of which contain a uniformly computable infinite sequence. We show this question is deeply connected to problems surrounding Martin's conjecture, and also in countable Borel equivalence relations. |

Friday Feb 28 2020 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Blaise Boissonneau (U. Muenster) | NIP fields and where to find them | ||

Abstract. Understanding structures in terms of what combinatorial properties they can express is an important part of Model Theory. One such combinatorial property is called independence, and structures not expressing it are called NIP. Known examples of NIP fields are all either finite, separably closed, real closed or henselian. Bearing in mind the example of Qp, and with the help of a recent result of S. Anscombe and F. Jahnke, we will explore some conjectures around NIP fields, and give an explicit formula defining henselian valuation rings under some of these conjectures. | ||||

Friday Feb 21 2020 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Elliot Kaplan (UIUC) | Logarithmic Hyperseries and Hyperserial Fields | ||

Abstract. In joint work with Lou van den Dries and Joris van der Hoeven, we constructed the field of logarithmic hyperseries. This is a proper class-sized ordered differential field which is also equipped with a composition and hyperlogarithm functions (which act like transfinite iterates of a logarithm function). In subsequent joint work with Vincent Bagayoko and Joris van der Hoeven, we introduced the more general notion of a hyperserial field (of type \({On}\)). These proper class-sized fields admit an external composition over the field of logarithmic hyperseries. We showed that each hyperserial field has a minimal hyperserial field extension in which each hyperlogarithm is bijective on the class of positive infinite elements. In this talk, I will discuss both of these works and their connection with transseries, logarithmic transseries, and the surreal numbers. | ||||

Friday Feb 14 2020 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Pierre Touchard (U. Muenster) | Burden in pure short exact sequences of abelian groups | ||

Abstract. The burden is a notion of dimension associated to any NTP2 theory, i.e. to a large class of relatively tame first order theories. I will present a reduction principle for abelian groups: the burden of a pure short exact sequence of abelian groups A->B->C, seen as a three-sorted structure, can be computed in terms of the burden of \(A\) and that of \(B\). This result generalizes a work of Chernikov and Simon and uses a new quantifier elimination result of Aschenbrenner, Chernikov, Gehret and Ziegler. | ||||

Friday Feb 07 2020 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Nigel Pynn-Coates (UIUC) | A model complete theory of transexponential pre-\(H\)-fields | ||

Abstract. Pre-\(H\)-fields were introduced by Aschenbrenner and van den Dries to study Hardy fields and transseries from an algebraic and model-theoretic perspective. Aschenbrenner, van den Dries, and van der Hoeven isolate the model companion of the theory of pre-\(H\)-fields and show that the ordered valued differential field of logarithmic-exponential transseries is a natural model. In this talk, I will define a theory of pre-\(H\)-fields whose models are transexponential, unlike transseries, and describe its model companion; moreover, this model companion has quantifier elimination and NIP. | ||||

Friday Jan 31 2020 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Riley Thornton (UCLA) | Definable Orientations of Graphs | ||

Abstract. An orientation of a graph is called a \(k\)-orientation if the out degree of every vertex is bounded by \(k\), and the orientation number of a graph is the least \(k\) so that the graph admits a \(k\)-orientaton. In finite combinatorics, the orientation number is one of several important and closely related measures of sparsity. In this talk I will adapt the notion to the descriptive set theoretic setting and give a measurable generalization of Edmonds' formula for the orientation number. | ||||

Friday Jan 24 2020 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Nadja Hempel (UCLA) | |||

Friday Jan 10 2020 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Ronnie Chen (UIUC) | A universal characterization of standard Borel spaces | ||

Abstract. We show that the category of standard Borel spaces is the free
or "universal" category equipped with some familiar set operations of
countable arity (e.g., products) obeying some simple compatibility
conditions (e.g., products distribute over disjoint unions). In this
talk, we will discuss the precise formulation of this result, its
connection with the amalgamation property for \(\kappa\)-complete Boolean
algebras, and its proof using methods from categorical logic. | ||||

Friday Dec 06 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Roland Walker (UIC) | Distality Rank | ||

Abstract. Pierre Simon introduced distality to better understand unstable NIP theories by studying their stable and "purely unstable," or distal, parts separately.
We introduce distality rank as a property of first-order theories and give examples for each rank \(m\) such that \(1\leq m \leq \omega\). For NIP theories, we show that distality rank is invariant under base change. We also define a generalization of type orthogonality called \(m\)-determinacy and show that theories of distality rank \(m\) require certain products to be \(m\)-determined. Furthermore, for NIP theories, this behavior characterizes distality rank \(m\). The preprint containing these results can be found at https://arxiv.org/abs/1908.11400. We will also discuss some new results not contained in the paper. | ||||

Friday Nov 15 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Alex Mennen (UCLA) | Semi-equationality: a unification of equational and distal theories | ||

Abstract. I will introduce two closely-related properties, which we've been calling "semi-equational" and "strongly semi-equational", which can be thought of as attempts to complete the analogy "stable : equational :: NIP : ?", or as one-sided versions of distality. The relationship between these and other model-theoretic properties will be discussed, and I will give some examples of (strongly) semi-equational theories, and describe some techniques for showing that theories are not (strongly) semi-equational. The results in this talk are joint work with Artem Chernikov. | ||||

Friday Nov 01 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Allen Gehret (UCLA) | Towards a Model Theory of Logarithmic Transseries | ||

Abstract. In this talk I will first define and describe the mathematical object \(\mathbb{T}_{\log}\): the ordered valued differential field of logarithmic transseries. I will then discuss a strategy I have developed for proving \(\mathbb{T}_{\log}\) is model complete in a certain language that I will introduce. I reduce the problem of model completeness down to two precise conjectures concerning the nature of logarithmic derivatives, solutions of linear differential equations, and differential-transcendence. Note: this is an updated version of a talk I gave in the Cabal Seminar in Spring 2018, although I will mention a few new things. | ||||

Friday Oct 18 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Forte Shinko (Caltech) | Quotients by countable subgroups are hyperfinite | ||

Abstract. Given a countable group Gamma, the outer automorphism group Out(Gamma) is either countable or of cardinality continuum. A finer and more suitable notion is to consider the Borel complexity of Out(Gamma) as a Borel equivalence relation. We show that in this context, Out(Gamma) is of rather low complexity, namely that it is a hyperfinite Borel equivalence relation. In general, we show that for any Polish group G and any countable normal subgroup Gamma, the quotient group G/Gamma is hyperfinite. This is joint work with Joshua Frisch. | ||||

Friday Sep 27 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | William Chan (UNT ) | Combinatorics at the First Uncountable Cardinal under Determinacy | ||

Abstract. Assume the axiom of determinacy. Martin's partition relations on \(\omega_1\) imply that the \(\epsilon\)-partition measure on \([\omega_1]^{\epsilon}\) are countably complete ultrafilter for each \(\epsilon \leq \omega_1\).
An almost everywhere (according to the partition measures) selection principle for club subsets of \(\omega_1\) will be discussed. From this uniformization, one can show that every function \(\Phi : [\omega_1]^{\omega_1} \rightarrow \omega_1\) is continuous almost everywhere with respect to the strong partition measures. Since the \(\epsilon\)-partition measure is an ultrafilter, for any sentence of set theory, for almost all increasing \(\epsilon\)-sequence of countable ordinals, \(L[f]\) satisfies this sentence or its negation. The \(\epsilon\)-stable theory is the collection of statements that hold for almost all \(\epsilon\)-sequences. We will discuss some natural statements which belong to the various stable theory. For example, for all \(\epsilon \leq \omega_1\), there is a club \(C\) subset of \(\omega_1\) so that for all \(\epsilon\)-length increasing sequences \(f\) through \(C\), \(L[f]\) satisfies the generalize continuum hypothesis. The club selection principle is important for studying the \(\omega_1\)-stable theory. This is joint work with Jackson and Trang. | ||||

Friday May 24 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Aristotelis Panagiotopoulos (Caltech) | Higher dimensional obstructions for star reductions | ||

Abstract. In this talk we will consider \(*\)-reductions between orbit equivalence relations. These are Baire measurable reductions which preserve generic notions, i.e., preimages of comeager sets are comeager. In short, \(*\)-reductions are weaker than Borel reductions in the sense of definability, but much more sensitive to the dynamics of the orbit equivalence relations in question.
Based on a past joint work with M. Lupini we will introduce a notion of dimension for Polish \(G\)-spaces. This dimension is always \(0\) whenever the group \(G\) admits a complete and left invariant metric, but in principle, it can take any value $n$ within \(\{0,1,\ldots\}\cup\{\infty\}\). For each such \(n\) we will produce a free action of \(S_{\infty}\) which is generically \(n\)-dimensional and we will deduce that the associated orbit equivalence relations are pairwise incomparable with respect to \(*\)-reductions. This is a joint work with A. Kruckman. | ||||

Friday May 17 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Nam Trang (UNT) | The strength of Sealing | ||

Abstract. Sealing is a type of generic absoluteness condition introduced by Woodin that asserts in strong terms that the theory of the universally Baire sets cannot be changed by forcing. generic-LSA is the statement that the Largest Suslin Axiom (LSA) holds in all generic extensions. Under a mild large cardinal hypothesis, we show that Sealing is equiconsistent with generic-LSA. As a consequence, Sealing is weaker than the theory "ZFC+there is a Woodin cardinal which is a limit of Woodin cardinals". Sealing's consistency being weak represents an obstruction to the current program of descriptive inner model theory. Going beyond this bound in core model induction applications seems challenging and requires us to construct third order objects (subsets of the universally Baire sets). We will state the precise theorems and explain their impact on current developments of inner model theory. Time allowed, we'll say a bit about how to overcome the obstructions imposed by Sealing. This is joint work with G. Sargsyan. | ||||

Friday May 03 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Michal Tomasz Godziszewski (University of Warsaw) | \(\Pi^0_1\)-computable quotient presentations of nonstandard models of arithmetic | ||

Abstract. A computable quotient presentation of a mathematical structure \(\mathcal A\) consists of a computable structure on the natural numbers \(\langle \mathbb{N},\star,\ast,\dots \rangle\), meaning that the operations and relations of the structure are computable, and an equivalence relation \(E\) on \(\mathbb{N}\), not necessarily computable but which is a congruence with respect to this structure, such that the quotient \(\langle \mathbb{N},\star,\ast,\dots \rangle\) is isomorphic to the given structure \(\mathcal{A}\). Thus, one may consider computable quotient presentations of graphs, groups, orders, rings and so on.
A natural question asked by B. Khoussainov in 2016, is if the Tennenbaum Thoerem extends to the context of computable presentations of nonstandard models of arithmetic. In a joint work with J.D. Hamkins we have proved that no nonstandard model of arithmetic admits a computable quotient presentation by a computably enumerable equivalence relation on the natural numbers.
However, as it happens, there exists a nonstandard model of arithmetic admitting a computable quotient presentation by a co-c.e. equivalence relation. Actually, there are infinitely many of those. The idea of the proof consists in simulating the Henkin construction via finite injury priority argument. What is quite surprising, the construction works (i.e. injury lemma holds) by Hilbert's Basis Theorem.
During the talk I'll present ideas of the proof of the latter result, which is joint work with T. Slaman and L. Harington. | ||||

Friday Apr 19 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Matthew Foreman (UC Irvine) | Games on weakly compact cardinals | ||

Abstract. Weakly compact cardinals are equivalent to the statement that every \(\kappa\)-complete filter on a Boolean algebra \({\mathcal B}\) of size \(\kappa\) can be extended to a \(\kappa\)-complete ultrafilter on \({\mathcal B}\). One can continue this finitely many times. Can it be continued transfinitely?
Fix a cardinal \(\kappa\) and consider the following game \(\mathcal G_\gamma\) of ordinal length \(\gamma\): Player I plays a a sequence of collections \(\mathcal S_\alpha\subseteq P(\kappa)\) of size \(\kappa\) and player II plays an increasing sequence of \(\kappa\)-complete ultrafilters \(U_\alpha\) on \(\bigcup_{\beta\le \alpha}\mathcal S_\beta\). Player II wins if she can continue playing until stage \(\gamma\). Clearly if \(\kappa\) is measurable then II wins the game of any length. Welch asked whether the property that " II has a winning strategy in \(\mathcal G_\gamma\)" can hold at a non-measurable cardinal. The main result in this talk is that if II wins \(\mathcal G_{\omega_1}\) then there is a precipitous ideal on \(\kappa\) whose quotient has a countably closed dense subset. Hence the answer to Welch's question, at least for \(\gamma\ge \omega_1\), is no. In joint work with Magidor, we prove that it is consistent at a non-measurable cardinal for II to have a winning strategy in \(\mathcal G_{\omega_1}\), hence the theorem is not vacuous. | ||||

Friday Feb 22 2019 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Thomas Gilton (UCLA) | The Abraham-Rubin-Shelah Open Coloring Axiom with a Large Continuum | ||

Abstract. In their 1985 paper, Abraham, Rubin, and Shelah studied a number of combinatorial principles about \(\aleph_1\)-sized objects. One such axiom is the so-called "ARS Open Coloring Axiom" (hereafter \(\mathsf{OCA}_{ARS}\)), which concerns decompositions of \(\aleph_1\)-sized sets of reals into homogeneous sets for clopen colorings. One of the main open questions from their paper is whether or not \(\mathsf{OCA}_{ARS}\) is consistent with a value of the continuum greater than \(\aleph_2\) (it implies that the continuum is at least \(\aleph_2\)).
There are two additional theorems which complicate the situation. First, Moore has shown that Todorcevic's Open Coloring Axiom (hereafter \(\mathsf{OCA}_T\)) together with \(\mathsf{OCA}_{ARS}\) decides the value of the continuum to be exactly \(\aleph_2\), but second, Farah has shown that (a restricted version of) \(\mathsf{OCA}_T\) is consistent with an arbitrarily large value of the continuum. It is therefore of interest whether or not \(\mathsf{OCA}_{ARS}\) on its own decides the value of \(2^{\aleph_0}\). Recently Gilton and Itay Neeman have answered this question, showing that \(\mathsf{OCA}_{ARS}\) is in fact consistent with \(2^{\aleph_0}=\aleph_3\). As in the original ARS paper, we need to build so-called preassignments of colors in order to add the requisite homogeneous sets. However, these can only be built over models satisfying the \(\mathsf{CH}\). To get around this difficulty, we build preassignments with very strong symmetry conditions, which allow us to combine them in many different ways, using a new type of poset called a partition product. In this talk, we will motivate and define partition products, sketch the construction of these preassignments, and show how, as a result, we can obtain a model of \(\mathsf{OCA}_{ARS}\) with a large value of the continuum. | ||||

Friday Nov 30 2018 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Asgar Jamneshan (UCLA) | Measure-theoretic sheaves and kernel structures | ||

Abstract. A measure-theoretic sheaf is constructed over an arbitrary sigma-finite measure space. The collection of such sheaves forms a topos, and is an instance of a Boolean-valued model of ZFC. In this talk, adopting a variant of the sheaf-theoretic approach, we present semantics of some fundamental structures in this model such as vector spaces, topological spaces, and measure spaces. Interestingly, it turns out that these Boolean-valued structures allow for a meaningful interpretation in a standard model as well which often can be characterized by kernel type objects. This opens a way for applications of Boolean-valued techniques to analysis and its applications. We present details on two of these applications in probability and ergodic theory. | ||||

Friday Nov 16 2018 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Kyle Gannon (Notre Dame) | Local Keisler Measures | ||

Abstract. The connection between finitely additive probability measures and NIP theories was first noticed by Keisler. Around 20 years later, the work of Hrushovski, Peterzil, Pillay, and Simon greatly expanded this connection. Out of this research came the concept of generically stable measures. In the context of NIP theories, these particular measures exhibit stable behavior. In particular, Hrushovski, Pillay, and Simon demonstrated that generically stable measures admit a natural finite approximation. In this talk, we will discuss generically stable measures in the local setting. We will describe connections between these measures and concepts in functional analysis as well as show that this interpretation allows us to derive an approximation theorem. | ||||

Friday Nov 09 2018 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Anush Tserunyan (UIUC) | Independent sets in finite and algebraic hypergraphs | ||

Abstract. An active line of research in modern combinatorics is extending classical results from the dense setting (e.g., Szemeredi's theorem) to the sparse random setting. These results state that a property of a given "dense" structure is inherited by a randomly chosen "sparse" substructure. A recent breakthrough tool for proving such statements is the Balogh-Morris-Samotij and Saxton-Thomason hypergraph containers method, which bounds the number of independent sets in finite hypergraphs. In a joint work with A. Bernshteyn, M. Delcourt, and H. Towsner, we give a new — elementary and nonalgorithmic — proof of the containers theorem for finite hypergraphs. Our proof is inspired by considering hyperfinite hypergraphs in the setting of nonstandard analysis, where there is a notion of dimension capturing the logarithmic rate of growth of finite sets. Applying this intuition in another setting with a notion of dimension, namely, algebraically closed fields, A. Bernshteyn, M. Delcourt, and I prove an analogous theorem for "dense" algebraically definable hypergraphs: any Zariski-generic low-dimensional subset of such hypergraphs is itself "dense" (in particular, not independent). | ||||

Friday Nov 02 2018 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | Antonio Montalban (UC Berkeley) | The uniform Martin conjecture for the many-one degrees | ||

Abstract. We will discuss a variant of the uniform Martin's conjecture for the many-one degrees. | ||||

Friday Oct 19 2018 | ||||

14:00-15:30 (MS 6221) | John Susice (UCLA) | $\Box_{\kappa, 2}$ and the Special Aronszajn Tree Property at $\kappa^+$. | ||

Abstract. We show the consistency of $\square_{\kappa, 2}$ plus $SATP(\kappa^+)$ for regular $\kappa$ assuming a weakly compact. Using methods of Golshani-Hayut we also establish a global consistency result for successors of regulars from class many supercompacts. |