data.frame {base}R Documentation

Data Frames


These functions create or manipulate data frames, tightly coupled collections of variables which share many of the properties of matrices and of lists, used as the fundamental data structure by most of R's modeling software.


data.frame(..., row.names = NULL, check.rows = FALSE,
        check.names = TRUE)

row.names(data.frame.obj) <- names
print(data.frame.obj, ..., digits = NULL, quote = FALSE, right = TRUE)
plot (data.frame.obj, ...)


... these arguments are of either the form value or tag=value. Component names are created based on the tag (if present) or the deparsed argument itself.
row.names a character vector giving the row names for the data frame.
check.rows if TRUE then the rows are checked for consistency of length and names.
check.names if TRUE then the names of the variables in the data frame are checked to ensure that they are valid variable names. If necessary they are adjusted (by make.names) so that they are.
data.frame.obj objects of class data.frame.
... optional arguments to print or plot methods.


Non-numeric variables passed to data.frame are converted to factor columns unless protected by I. This applies to character and logical variables, in particular. It also applies to adding columns to a data frame.

If a list or data frame or matrix is passed to data.frame it is as if each column had been passed as a separate argument, with the exception of matrices of class model.matrix.


For data.frame(.) a data frame, a matrix-like stucture whose columns may be of differing types (numeric, factor and character). is generic function with many methods. It attempts to coerce its argument to be a data frame. returns TRUE if its argument is a data frame and FALSE otherwise.

row.names can be used to set and retrieve the row names of a data frame, similarly to rownames for arrays., a method of the plot generic, uses stripplot for one variable, plot.default (scatterplot) for two variables, and pairs (scatterplot matrix) otherwise.

For the print method (, see print.matrix. is an auxiliary function which expands the rows of a data frame. It is used by the data frame methods of [<- and [[<- (which perform subscripted assignments on a data frame), and not intended to be called directly.

See Also

read.table,,etc, about Group methods for data.frames; make.names.


L3 <- LETTERS[1:3]
str(d <- data.frame(cbind(x=1, y=1:10), ch=sample(L3, 10, repl=TRUE)))
str(     data.frame(cbind(  1,   1:10),    sample(L3, 10, repl=TRUE)))
all(1:10 == row.names(d))# TRUE (coercion)

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