Learning circulant sensing kernels

Y. Xu, W. Yin, S. Osher

To appear in Inverse Problems and Imaging

Overview

In the applications of signal acquisition and compressive sensing, Toeplitz and circulant matrices are widely used as sensing operators. They correspond to discrete convolutions and are easily or even naturally realized in various applications. For compressive sensing, recent work has used random Toeplitz and circulant sensing matrices and proved their efficiency in theory, by computer simulations, as well as through physical optical experiments.

Motivated by a recent work by Duarte-Carvajalino and Sapiro, we propose models to learn a circulant sensing matrix/operator for one and higher dimensional signals. Given the dictionary of the signal(s) to be sensed, the learned circulant sensing matrix/operator is more effective than a randomly generated circulant sensing matrix/operator, and even slightly so than a Gaussian random sensing matrix. In addition, by exploiting the circulant structure, we improve the learning from the patch scale in the work by Duarte-Carvajalino and Sapiro to the much large image scale. Furthermore, we test learning the circulant sensing matrix/operator and the nonparametric dictionary altogether and obtain even better performance. We demonstrate these results using both synthetic sparse signals and real images.

This work is related to our previous work on practical compressive sensing with Toeplitz and circulant matrices.

Citation

Y. Xu, W. Yin, and S. Osher, Learning circulant sensing kernels, Inverse Problems and Imaging, 8(3), 901-923, 2014. DOI: 10.3934/ipi.2014.8.901


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