Los Angeles Math Circle

LAMC Meetings Archive // Fall 2007 - Spring 2017

For the current schedule, visit the Circle Calendar

Fall 2007 - Spring 2008Fall 2008 - Spring 2009Fall 2009 - Spring 2010Fall 2010 - Spring 2011Fall 2011 - Spring 2012Fall 2012 - Spring 2013Fall 2013 - Spring 2014Fall 2014 - Spring 2015Fall 2015 - Spring 2016Fall 2016 - Spring 2017
10/2/2016
We will start with a few beautiful warm-up problems and proceed to learn some bare minimum of graph theory needed to fully understand the winning MathMovesU presentation Dan Tsan made last year.
Handouts: handout
We will begin by looking at Lineland with different shapes passing through this new and interesting world. This will help us next week when we take a look into Flatland.
Handouts: Handout #1
Perhaps when you were bored in a math class you started looking at the patterns on the wallpaper around you.

Many types of wallpaper use a simple repeating pattern, but occasionally you might notice that the wallpaper has a more subtle kind of symmetry.

How many essentially different types of symmetry are there? As we will find out, the answer is seventeen.



We considered an area model for multiplication, which explains the concept of distribution, and we built a method for multiplying numbers. By the end of the session, most student were able to mentally multiply numbers between 10 and 20. When told that the method had no name, the students came up with names Multiplication by Distribution and Easier Multiplication. The session ended with the discovery of a pattern involving the squares of integers, also explained by the area model, which is where we will pick up next week.
Handouts: Blank Worksheet | Answer Key
Handouts:
10/9/2016
We will continue the study of the 10/2 handout.
Handouts: handout
Handouts: Blank Worksheet (same as the previous week) | Answer Key (same as the previous week)
Today we will mix techniques from physics, geometry, and algebra to solve classical geometry problems.
Animations shown in class and extras for those interested in further investigation of the topic:
Dr. Michael Hall is back with the full classification of wallpaper groups.
We will discuss combinatorics this week, including the concepts of Stars and Bars and Young diagrams.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
10/16/2016
If you only know the sum of two numbers, and your friend only knows the product, neither of you are likely to figure out the original numbers. But, how much can you figure out if you just make statements about what you know?
We solve problems on combinations with restrictions.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
We will discuss planar graphs, Euler characteristic, and related topics.
This week, we delve into hexaflexagons: flat objects that actually have three sides.
Handouts: Blank Worksheet
We will investigate a game with dice to find the best strategy.
Handouts: Handout #3 | Solutions #3
We will continue studying Mass Point Geometry from the book A Decade of the Berkeley Math Circle. Our goal will be to prove that our methods are legitimate using classical Euclidean geometry.
10/23/2016
Dan Tsan will give us a lecture based on his award-winning MathMovesU presentation for the first hour. Then we will study planar graphs, Kuratowski Theorem and Euler characteristic of a graph.
With Andrew out of town, Taylor Womack will be presenting a lesson on a new multiplication algorithm.
Handouts: Answers | Blank Worksheet


We will discuss what we mean by information and what it means to transmit information. Of course, as you transmit information, errors can occur . Think of the children’s game “Broken Telephone”, where players take turns whispering a message made up by the first player to each other. The final message received by the last player could be very different from the original. While this is fun in a game, we usually try to avoid this as much as possible in real life. Can we create a code that has a built-in protection against transmission errors? What is the price that we have to pay for increasing accuracy? We will touch upon several ideas of Shannon’s Information Theory and work through several examples to find out.




Handouts: Handout #4 | Solutions #4
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
10/30/2016
The majority of the class have stopped working in the vicinity of Problem 9 from the 10/9 handout. We will resume from there, study the Euler characteristic of planar graphs and prove that the graphs K_3,3 and K_5 are not planar. The faster students who are finished or nearly finished with the handout will be given a bunch of Math-Olympiad-style problems to solve.
Handouts: handout
Handouts: Handout #5
We go over problems of geometric probability and some problems that use coordinate geometry.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
This week we covered various halloween-theremed math problems.
Handouts: Blank Worksheet | Answers
Today we will learn about the permutations of the tiles of a Rubik's cube. We will follow the section on the Rubik's cube in our books.
11/6/2016
We will finish studying the 10/30 handout. If time permits, we will use graph theory to solve the Instant Insanity puzzle.
Guest instructor Chris Ohrt leads a session on the geometry of origami!
We will be exploring fake coins problems as well some additional puzzles
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
We will be looking at the prerequisites for understanding Burnside's lemma. This includes the definition of symmetry of an object and how colorings of an object can form equivalence classes.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
This week we discuss a different, but somewhat similar algorithm to Egyptian Multiplication.
Handouts: Blank Worksheet
Today we will review the concept of mathematical induction from last year. We will follow the section in A Decade of the Berkeley Math Circle on this topic.
11/13/2016
We will explore the orbit and stabilizer of a coloring of an object and how they can be related to the number of symmetries of an object. This is known as the orbit-stabilizer lemma.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
Today we have a special guest speaker: Jeremy Brightbill, a PhD student at UCLA. He will give a talk on number fields.
We will attempt to finish the 10/30 handout. If/when finished, we will study the final handout of the Intro to Graphs mini-course, Introduction to Ramsey Theory.
Handouts: handout
Following up on last week, we'll take a look at what sorts of things that Origami can do than regular ruler-and-compass cannot.
Handouts: Handout
11/20/2016
We will wrap up our study of symmetry by using the Orbit-Stabilizer lemma to obtain Burnside's lemma and look at the questions we can solve.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
We will discuss problem 9 of the 10/30 handout for warm-up and then get back to studying graph theory.
Today we will get back to our study of mathematical induction, and hopefully we'll get to start talking about strong induction.
Handouts: Blank Worksheet
12/4/2016
We will be doing math dominoes this week on the topics we have learned this quarter.
We will finish out the quarter as usual with a mathematical relay.
We will resume studying the 10/30 handout at problem 12. Once finished, we will begin studying the next, and final, handout of the mini-course.
1/15/2017
In our first meeting of this new year, we will be looking at how two dimensional shapes can be altered to create other two dimensional shapes with as few cuts as possible.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
We will resume at Problem 14 of the 10/30/2016 handout and proceed to Ramsey theory if time permits.
We will start the year by studying finite state automata.
Handouts: Handout
In this week, we cover a two dimensional game of Leap Frog and what victory positions are possible.
Handouts: Blank worksheet | Answers
For our first meeting of the quarter, we'll use some topology to try to understand the answer to the question: if you sew a bunch of pants together so that there are no holes, then cut them back apart so that there are no pockets, how many pants do you get?
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
1/22/2017
We explore what happens when we change the rules of movement. No longer is the shortest distance between two points a straight line!
Handouts: Blank Worksheet | Answer key
We will finish the proof of Theoprem 1 from the 10/30 handout. Then we will begin and, hopefully, finish the last handout of the Intro to Graphs course, the one on Ramsey Theory.
Today we will study vectors.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
Chris Ohrt joins us to talk about generating functions, a fascinating confluence of sequences, calculus, and combinatorics.
This week, we discuss several logic problems on parity in class and learn how to write proper proofs.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
1/29/2017
We study a bit of Ramsey theory during the first hour of the classes.
We now dive deep into taxicab gemoetry after a thorough review of coordinates and a short introduction last week.
Handouts: Blank Worksheet | Answer Sheet
Today we will learn the basics of group theory by discussing symmetry and playing sodoku.
Handouts: Handout
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
We continue our study of generating functions, this time using them to prove some fascinating facts about sequences.
We discuss fun problems that use the concept of divisibility.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
2/5/2017
Today we will continue our study of group theory and work with groups of symmetries of objects (including the Rubik's cube).
Handouts: Handout
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
The students will be given a two-hour test that covers the Intro to Graphs course we just have finished. Preparing for the test is a good way to review the course. The tests' results will give the students and the instructors the much-needed feedback. The top five performers will get great math books as prizes!
Handouts: test
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
This week we do our first round of practice problems for Math Kangaroo.
Handouts: Blank Worksheet
We build on our study of generating functions, learning to understand sequences generated by recurrence relations.
2/12/2017
We will study the theory of quadratic equations and solve a few surprisingly hard problems on the topic.
Handouts: handout
Handouts: Handout
We begin our study of theoretical computer science looking at the basics of computational complexity and the runtime of sorting algorithms.
Today we will review complex numbers, this time using our knowledge of vectors as a tool.
Handouts: Handout
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
2/26/2017
We will continue stidying the 2/12 handout.
We will continue our study of complex numbers.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
We learn about Turing Machines, the theoretical universal computer.
We learn about expectations of random events and discuss problems related to lotteries, roulette and Monopoly.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
Handouts: Blank Worksheet | Answer Key
3/5/2017
This week we will study combinatorics from our Berkeley Math Circle books.
Handouts: Handout
We discuss the relationship between probability, binomial coefficients and combinatorics.
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
We will resume studying the 2/17 handout at Problem 13.
Non-determinacy; learn the statement of one of the great open problems, P vs. NP
3/12/2017
Last time, many of our students felt uncomfortable with the weighted sums in the formula defining a convex function. To alleviate the feeling, we will take a second look at the topic we studied in April 2013, Barycentric Coordinates. Then we will get back to Problem 17 of the 2/17 handout.
Handouts: handout
Suppose we break a stick into three pieces randomly. What are the chances the resulting pieces will form a triangle?
Handouts: Handout | Solutions
How many guards does it take to watch an art gallery? It depends on the shape of the gallery!
Today we will solve some problems from classical Euclidean geometry.
Handouts: Handout
3/19/2017
We will start with refreshing problem 18 from the 2/12 handout. http://www.math.ucla.edu/~radko/circles/lib/data/Handout-1272-1283.pdf We will then use the derived formula as a tool to solve Problems 19 and 20. Then we will finish the handout and proceed to the next one.
We'll finish out the quarter with some fun math relays.
Handouts: Problems | Solutions
4/9/2017
We will see how the Vieta formulas for quadratic equations enable one to solve qubic equations as well.
Handouts: handout
Welcome back for the spring quarter! We're starting off with a class about polyhedra, and their curvature.
Handouts: Handout
Today we will study Propositional Logic.
Handouts: Handout
4/16/2017
We will review the derivation of the Cardano formula, then learn long division of polynomials, and then solve some cubic equations.
This week, we willl continue learning about functions and discuss one-to-one and onto functions. In the second hour, we will learn how to write good proofs for harder problems.
Handouts: Handout
This week, we'll be studying the theory of vector fields on surfaces!
Today we will start a several week unit on graph theory, using the Instant Insanity puzzle as our motivation.
4/23/2017
We will continue the study of the Cardano formula, based on the handout posted on 4/9.
Today we will continue our study of graph theory.